➮ [Ebook] ➩ Together: The Rituals, Pleasures and Politics of Cooperation By Richard Sennett ➺ – Transportjobsite.co.uk

10 thoughts on “Together: The Rituals, Pleasures and Politics of Cooperation

  1. says:

    I want to engage with some of the ideas in this book, rather than review it, per se As humans we are the outcome of a kind of struggle of opposites We are obviously highly social animals very few of us go off and live on top of a mountain, our language only makes sense if we can speak it to other people, most of what we do can only be done because we live in a society of interconnected others We are condemned to be together , if you like And this is increasingly the case in the cities most of us live in where so many of us from different background are smashed together.But the other side of that is the idea that we are individuals and that we have a desire to express ourselves as individuals This author is trying to unpack some of the current problems associated with our being together not least in the sense of what it means to live in a community and given that we do live in communities, how are we responsible to others And this guy is from the left and quite proud of that fact So, in large part he wants to see if there are ways to encourage us to improve the benefits available for everyone living in communities and not just, as now, those at the very top at the expense of everyone else.Over time there have been a couple of answers to how we might address this problem One answer could be said to come from Marx but I want to be general than that, and say that it is the let s fix this politically solution Marx is useful here as that is pretty much what he did say The system is increasingly finding ways to expropriate the poor, the poor create the wealth of society and yet don t get to share in its benefits, at best the poor often only get to understand they should join together to protect their own interests, but they rarely get to the point where they see joining together as being a way to overthrow the existing order when, in fact, that over throw is what is needed, so, you need some form of political organisation directing orders from above to bring about what seems to be objectively necessary anyway.That is one stream of thought, and although Sennett uses Marx as a way to make this perspective clear, really, all political parties on the left even ones not particularly of the left like The Democrats in the US or the Labor Party in Australia were set up because political power was understood as the best and easiest means to effect change in society.Now, the other stream of thought discussed here could be called community organising Here the idea is that political power is too much about compromise What happens is that parties either come to power and forget what they set out to do often due to pragmatic realisations about what can and can t be achieved or they crash and burn in trying to overturn the existing order when they don t have the full support of the people they say they are seeking to represent This path has proven problematic throughout the last 150 odd years The other way is to build community from the ground up, rather than from the sky down This seems to make sense if unity is strength then surely you need to build that unity with and between real people If you want people to know there is a better way to live, then getting them to practice that way now is better than hoping that once you have wrought some fundamental change in society that that alone will suddenly bring about a better existence The second way seems so much creative and inspiring As Sennett says, this is how Obama and Hillary Clinton both learnt their politics as community organisers and yet, in both cases they ended up moving on to politics as a better solution Like all of these things, perhaps an either or position is the least defensible But I m not going to say that other clich the both and is the answer The problem here is that it does seem at the moment that we are at a turning point in human history Now, look, I understand that every era sees itself at just such a turning point but this one seems dire than is generally the case There are so many threats to our existence at the moment climate change, nuclear weapons, growing inequalities, social divisions that are ripping us apart rather than bringing us together think of the Black Lives Matter protests as a case in point and these problems are generally caused or made worse by policy positions that governments, or society generally, hold There is a real sense that slowly building a movement from the bottom that will eventually change the way people think about these things and build an all convincing argument for change, would really be nice, but that we just don t have the time And anyway, the fact the people in power currently own the means of propaganda makes all these changes that much less likely anyway.That said, grand and all encompassing political movements haven t proven to be terribly effective at bringing about fundamental change either If anything, the smell of death coming from such grand solutions is enough to put anyone off considering them as an alternative at all.So, that seems to imply that ground up is the only option available.Except, most of our problems seem to have moved to a global sphere and as such it is hard to see how they can be answered at a local community level How does, for instance, the local community end the threat of nuclear war, the fact they have no money to invest in their community because multinational corporations refuse to pay taxes How will community organising address those issues I want to stress, I really don t feel I have any answers to any of these questions I feel I could make a case for either side and even to make a case against both sides And I also admit that this is all symptomatic of my overall pessimism that those who benefit most from the system as it exists at the moment simply have all of the power and it isn t clear what path everyone else can take that will not be short lived and ultimately ineffective.Nonetheless, I do think that trying to work out what it means to be together in all of the senses of that word as discussed in this book is an important way to start We too often consider the society that we live in as if it was the same as the forest that a bear lives in natural and inevitable and not really something we have any choices about Except, the big difference is that we have made our concrete forest and so we ought to be able to change the rules so as to make that forest work for people than it currently does How we might go about doing that needs to answer the question, how are we going to be together And this book gives lots of interesting answers to what being together means.

  2. says:

    You always learn something from a Richard Sennett book, even if it s entirely unrelated to the ostensible subject of the work In this case, I learned about Satow s Diplomatic Practice, which is mentioned in passing As for the ostensible subject, I have to say that this book should really be called Sennett s Reflections, Anecdotes, and Recollections on the Subject of Co operation, since this book is little than an excuse for tangential discussions based on Sennett s own experiences There was no mention, for instance, of Garrett Hardin s Tragedy of the Commons, one of the most central, indeed iconic pieces on the problem of co operation, or of Mancur Olson s The Logic of Collective Action, a classic in the field The recently departed Elinor Ostrom even received a Nobel Prize for her work exploring how individuals, communities, institutions, and groups co operate horizontally to avoid the tragedy of the commons Mention of her there is none Instead, we get Sennett s meandering, page filling divagations the point of which is often very hard to determine Erudite he undoubtedly is, but a decent editor would have halved the length of this book.

  3. says:

    This is a study of cooperation by Richard Sennett Sennett is one of the best social theorists writing today and this study is a follow up to his work on craftsmen and craft organization This is a theory driven examination of what cooperation is, what the state of cooperation is in modern society, and what can be done about it Unlike a straightforward history, Sennett has a definite argument to make The book takes a deep dive into the different meanings of cooperation in social behavior There are different ways to think about cooperation consensus, zero sum, competitive, winner take all and the most important ones, in which parties need to cooperate even though they do not agree on goals and have different rewards are complex and hard to bring about in many social settings There are different ways to discuss with others while trying to cooperate dialogue versus dialectic Which type you choose depends on which type of cooperation you wish to achieve Sennett then notes a modern tendency away from cooperation and towards autonomous action that is almost opposed to cooperation on principle radical and individualistic self interest seeking behavior over short term time frames Sennett s final section of the book is to present some approaches for rebuilding cooperation in modern life His model, as with his prior book, is that of craft organization and craftsmanship This is a central theme in his work, to look at the craftsman as an essentially different base form of social organization, especially in work organizations, that is distinguished from traditional approaches to organization based on the division of labor, such as one finds in Adam Smith Craft organization is supportive of human values and less conducive to isolation and alienation and craft approaches can help to rest abolish cooperation among parties who strongly differ and disagree.This book provides a series of general and abstract arguments Sennett presents his thinking clearly, however, it is very rich thinking and readers will need to consider these arguments carefully There is much to consider and much insight in this work Sennett is a wonderful writer which is very unusual in social theory, where pay seems to be determined by the average number of syllables employed Sennett is also extremely well read and thoughtful and he illustrates his arguments with lots of examples Something that struck me about this is how broadly applicable these ideas of cooperation can be Sennett is interested in cooperation in the context of political and social action considering the differences between top down Union organizing and bottom up community organizing His concluding chapter discusses similar ideas in the context of his history with community organizations in Chicago and the differences between Catholic social action organizations and the experiences in a kibbutz But these ideas can be applied to organizations and groups very far afield from these These same issues come up in studies of work organizations or of the relationship between local branches and national professional service firms, such as in real estate or finance.If the reader has not familiarized themselves with Sennett s craft arguments, the book could come across as assuming a lot that was detailed in earlier books and articles This is not excessive, however, and the book is very accessible and well worth working through.

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    BERABER birli i Rit elleri, Zevkleri ve Politikas ABD a r derecede KAB LE toplumu haline gelmi tir ve B ZE KAR I ONLAR psikolojisi her eyi ele ge irmektedir Bize kar onlar ilkel d rt s , kabilenin devaml l n sa lar KENT ise, FARKLI OLANLARIN, ZAHMET GEREKT REN ve D YALO A DAYALI B RL ile devam edebilecek bir d zenektir stereotipiyi ta maz Aristoteles G n m zde zenginler ile di erleri aras ndaki GEL R U URUMU giderek b y yerek sosyal mesafelerin de gerilmesine yol a makta, ticarette oldu u gibi insan ili kilerinde ve al lan i te KISA VADEL L K ve y zeysellik egemen olmaktad r al ma alanlar nda, y neticiler taraf ndan, ekip halinde al ma s releri 9 10 AY ile k s tlanarak insanlar n birbirlerine al malar nlenmekte ve b l mler aras D YALOG M N MAL ZE edilerek, birinin di eri i in depo gibi bilgi saklayana S LO ETK S d n mesi, kendisini ilgilendirmeyen hi bir eyle ilgilenmemesi sa lanmaktad r Silo etkisi, i birli inden ve farkl olandan uzak durmay , her eyi bilindik tan d k HOMOJENL E AYNILI A indirgemeyi ne karmaktad r birli inin gerektirdi i vas f ise, MAK NALARIN vas flar devralmas ile azalmaktad r Yeni bir UNICEF al mas , gelir u urumu artt k a ocuklar n u rad iddetin ve ocuklar aras DDET N ARTTI INI, i birli inin ise azald n g stermi tir Ayn al mada, ocuk ve gen lerin, sahip olmad klar eylere HT YA LARI OLDUKLARINA t ketim nesnelerine sahip olmama hali, medya ve reklam sekt r nce a a lanma nedenine d n t kendileriyle ilgili bir eylerin ters gitmesi halinde ise D KKAT EKS KL H PERAKT V TE veya DEPRESYON te hisiyle ila kullanmalar gerekti ine KNA ED LD KLER ortaya konmu tur Ayr ca, ocuklar n ekrandaki insanlara canl g rd klerinden daha fazla inand klar anla lm t r Yap sal ekonomik e itsizlikler ve yeni i g c formlar nedeniyle ZAYIFLAYAN B RL , ko ullarla ba edemeyen insan n GER EK LMES NE ve B RL YAPMAYAN KEND L K haline gelmesine neden olmu tur Geri ekilme, YALNIZLI A ve onun devam nda K RL KLE birlikte gelen NARS S ZME yol a maktad r Ki i, ba kalar n n ihtiya lar yla kendisinin bast r ld n d n r ve NE YAPIYORUM un sorumlu unu almak yerine, NE H SSED YORUM un kolayc l na ka arak, eylemi de ersizle tirir Narsisizm, BA KALARINA LG S ZL K ve G N LL NZ VA ile insan KAYGIDAN KA IRAN ve H SS ZLE T REN bir kabuktur Narsisist, toplum aras na kar r ama G RMEZ, insanlara dokunur ama H SSETMEZ Narsisizmin yan s ra, D nya Sa l k rg t , d nyada DEPRESYON SALGININ var oldu unu her 4 insandan 1 inde ve her 7 insandan 1 inin ila kulland n bildirmi tir ZAMANSIZ ZAMAN diye adland r lan bilgisayar a nda, i g c n n rastlant sall , ge icili i ve proje bazl olu u h k m s rmekte, yeni niversite mezunlar n n i ya amlar boyunca 3 KEZ temel yetenek teknik, ortalama 12 KEZ de i de i tirmek zorunda kalacaklar ng r lmektedir ocuklar n al ma hayatlar nda varabilece i gelir grubu dilimi, ok b y k oranda anne babalar n nkine e de er kalmaya mahk m hale gelmi tir Kazanan her eyi al r mant ndaki kapitalist, en y rt c hayvana d n mektedir Farkl olana kar k uykusuna yatma, tek ba na bowling oynama, internetten t klayarak eyleme, ok yere yelik ama ok az na aktif kat lma, i birli ine yana mayan K N ZM TOPLUMUnun ortak zellikleri olarak ya anmaya ba lam t r Genel anlamda, y neticiler daha iyi olan n ste kt klar na inan rlar Londra daki Chartered Management Institute n bir al mas nda, al anlar n %50 si mevcut y neticilerden daha iyi y netebileceklerini, %49 u daha iyi y neticinin gelmesi halinde maa n n azalmas na raz olaca n , %47 si ise k t y neticiler nedeniyle i lerinden ayr ld klar n belirtmi tir En b y k ortak g r , Y NET C LER N ALTLARINDAK NSANLARIN G R LER N ALMAKTAN UZAK DURUP, AKT F B LG DEN MAHRUM OLDUKLARI eklindedir Global al ma ya ama tarz , hep ba ka yerde olan ve k resel l ks n donatt bir kozan n i inde ya ayan Y NET C LER N, ge mi te hay r kurumu, hastane ve sanat organizasyonu y netimlerindeki g revlerini tasfiye etmelerine yol a m , ba kalar na ili kin sorumluluktan vazge melerini kolayla t rm t r Wall Street te kimse birbirinin elini tutamaz deyi i B RL , insanla man n nc l d r ve tecritte birey geli emez nsan n kendisini fark etmesi ve bireyle mesi, deney yapmay ve di erleriyle ileti imi di erlerine dikkat zen ve cevap verebilirlik gerektirir.Sahne sanatlar yla u ra anlar, ba kalar na olan ihtiyac n a rt c d zeyde oldu unu, tek ba na yap lan al malar n toplu prova yani EGO YIKICI SANAT sayesinde terbiye edildi ini bilir.ARILAR ve KARINCALAR ile zirveye ula an B RL AKLI, tek ar veya tek kar ncada asla bulunmayan, birlikte iken i leyen, ya am g venceye almak i in i leyen bir arkt r ve bireylerden kaynaklanan eksiklikleri kompanze eder Aksayan bireylerin g revlerini stlenmek zere genetik kodlar mevcuttur ve i birlikleri fabrika mekanikli inde olmay p, evresel de i ikliklere cevaben yeniden ve yeniden kurulur Almanca B LDUNG kelimesi, d nyadaki konumunu, di erleriyle olan ili kilerdeki yerine bakarak renmek ve kurmak anlam nda kullan l r ve toplumsall tan mlayan en g zel kelimelerden biridir Bu kavram n nemli yans malar ndan biri, 18.yy.da Alman kafelerinde yayg nla an, hayat n zorluklar n birlikte d n p ortakla mak i in ayl k okuma gruplar vas tas yla sosyal s n flar aras nda ger ekle en bulu malard r in de uzak akrabal k ve tan d kl k ba lar zerinden i leyen kredi sistemi olan GUANX , s z eref anlay temelindedir ve resmi sistemdeki atlaklar n yarataca alkant lar n a lmas nda halen ok i e yaramaktad r EKRAN SEVDALISI gen lerin KONGRE KATILIMCILI I ve BERABER YEME ME E LENME konular ndaki HEVESLER , resmi olmayan de i toku lar n, i birli inin ekicili ine rnek olabilir Facebook, Twitter, payla m siteleri ve bloglar, SIKI TIRILMI LET MLER olup, ORADAYIM ve ORADA OL anlam ta rlar kendileriyle dolu ve fark edilmek i in ba ran milyonlarca insan g ndeme getirirler ylesine etkili olmaya ba lam lard r ki on line hastal k payla m sitelerinin, y z y ze g r melerden daha etkili oldu u bir al mada g sterilmi tir Hedef Sonu odakl olduklar nda bu ekilde fayda sa layabilen bu internet al veri lerinin, basit bilgi payla mlar yla ifadeyi eksilterek insanlar aras anlay azaltt klar ise ortaya konmu bir ger ekliktir Asla ili ki olmayan ve ili ki i in ARA olan Facebook Twitter da insanlar n ekicili i ba lant say lar ile tan mlanmakta ve bu aritmetik, ayr mc l k ve d lamay ortaya kmaktad r ocuk ve gen i in toplumsal ili kiler artan ekilde on line ve teatral olarak s rd r lmekte ve ger ek sosyallik etkile imleri azalmaktad r USA UK de Avrupa dan daha da fazla Konu ma ve eylemlilikte D YALEKT K y ntem tez antitez sentez s k kullan lan y ntem olup, bug n i in daha ok ihtiyac m z olan ise kar y daha iyi anlamaya y nelik D YALOJ K y ntemdir Bu y ntemde, s ylenmeyen ama MA ED LENLERE dikkat art r larak T.Zeldin , GER EK N YET anla lmaya, ge i lere kavramaya al maya zemin olu turacak gri zonlar yakalanmaya al l r BELK S.Beckett , B R BA KA DEY LE Sokrates , MUHTEMELEN, YER NDE OLSAM tabirleri kullan larak ba kalar yla anla ma zemini geli tirilmeye al l r Ama , gerilimi azaltmak, i birli ini art rmak, yeni bir deneye zemin a mak, ba kalar na kat l m ans sunmak, yani alenile meyen bir rekabet i inde olmakt r NG L Z D PLOMAS S benzeri Hans Holbein in 1553 de bitirdi i The Ambassadors B y kel iler tablosu, R nesans ve Reform d nemindeki ya am d n mlerinin en arp c belgelerinden biridir Tablodaki el ilerin medenili i, g ne ait rit ellerin ve nesnelerin de i iminin yenilenmesinin vurgulanmas etkileyicidir Medenilik ve nezaket, simgeler aras nda ba lar n kurulmas na ve g ndelik sosyalliklere ihtimal sa lanmas na olanak verir, militarist dilden sivil dile ge i e zemin haz rlar SOL hareketlerin tarihi, partici, yukar dan a a ya, disiplinli ve birlik i anlay la sosyal ortakla mac , a a dan yukar ya, gev ek ve dahil edici anlay lar n m cadelesini de i erir lk yakla m genel anlamda siyasi ve diyalektik, ikincisi ise sosyal ve diyalojik olarak de erlendirilebilir Bana g re, NSANLARI PAS FL KLER NDEN EK P IKARMAK N, siyasi s ylemler diyalektik yerine, G NDEL K YA AM DENEYLER NE ODAKLI ORTAKLA MA diyalojik y ntemleri kullan lmal d r Ortakla malar i in, antik Yunan dan ve in den beri var olan ve kent ya amlar n sa lamla t rm olan AT LYELER sistemi a k al ma, aktif kat l m, i birli i kullan labilir At lyelerin do urdu u zanaatlar, zanaatk rlar n yapt klar n n ellerinden rastgele al nmas n nleyecek ADALET d ncesini ve LONCA sistemini yaratm t r Loncalardaki yeleri tan tma ve g n sonunda her farkl katk n n ilan edilmesi rit elleri, i birli i ve retim kalitesinde y kselmeye katk lar sa lam t r FABR KA d nemine ge i , bu ba l l k ve dayan may geriletmi tir.At lyeler ve diyalojik ili kiler arac l ile ya am g venceye almaya y nelik altyap lar n zerinde geli tirilebilecek olan iyi niyet k kenli B RL , sald rganl k ve fke ta yan mevcut REKABET yumu atabilir F Z KSEL EME N BERABER CRA ED LMES , emek ilerin sosyal ba lar n ve diyalojik sosyal davran geli tirebilir ve Yahudilerin Histpashtut fikri , Fransisken manast rlar , J.J.Rousseau, Tolstoy ve Kibbutz, bu fikrin savunucular ve uygulamalar olmu tur Bu tip bir beraberli e, yani MODERN TOPLUMUN TAM R NE AC LEN HT YA VARDIR Bu tamir, AT LYE ALI MALARI ve at lye i inde elde edilen tecr belerin topluma aktar lmas yla ger ekle tirilebilir SOSYAL TAM RDE, mimaride kullan lan restorasyon ge mi in nceli i , iyile tirme imdinin gerektirdikleri ve yeniden yap land rma deneysel radikal y ntemleri kullan lmal Berlin Neues Museum t m tamirin harika bir rne idir , sosyal ili kilerin kolayla t r c s ve kayna t r c s olan rit ellere bile yeniden hayat verilmelidir B RL , toplumsal ya am n kalitesini art r r ve YEREL TOPLULUK iyi bir kaliteli ya am aray i in ba lang noktas olarak al nmal d r Bu i birli ine, ba kalar n Montaigne in DEDEKT F BENZER D NLEY C L asli niyeti anlamaya y nelik, ifade feti izmine bo ulmayan, hiddetten uzak, pasif itaate itmeyen, st n bilgi ve otorite ile ezmeyen ile dinleyerek ba layabiliriz Konunun her taraf n kavrayabilmek zere ok y nl bakman n de i tirdi i odak noktalar , insanlar sakinle tirir ve tepkilerinde daha objektif olmalar n sa lar AL AKG N LL L K ve MEDEN L K, diyalojik metodun ve ba kalar yla anla man n vazge ilmezidir KEND L M Z, TATM NS ZL K, K B R ve SEFALETLE DOLU B R YAPIDIR VAH BAS TLE T R C LER N A INDA bu halimizden kurtulmak i in MERAK, D YALOJ K y ntem ve EMPAT yoluyla kurulacak SOSYAL BA LARA ihtiyac m z var ve bunu ba arabilece imize inan yorum.

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  6. says:

    In this stimulating book Richard Sennett investigates how people who have conflicting interests, are unequal or don t understand each other might engage in difficult , constructive cooperation Sennett s view is that cooperation rests on a set of skills he refers to them as dialogic skills that can be learned and have to be sustained Our contemporary society has been weakening those skills in distinctive ways Increasing economic inequalities translate in everyday experiences of elites becoming ever remote from the masses This engenders an us against them thinking that stands in the way of cooperative behavior The contemporary workplace with its siloed structures, short term commitments and lack of accountability has progressively dissolved the social triangle earned authority, mutual respect, cooperation during crisis that infuse the work experience with an essential civility.The notion of civility is pivotal in Sennett s argument He traces its origins back to a sea change in sociable behaviour in 16th century Europe, away from the chivalric values that were tightly woven into the fabric of aristocratic life to a set of civilized codes that were rooted in skilled, professional conduct Early Reformation diplomacy and the replacement of guild hierarchy by a flatter, flexible workshop structure are key developments that laid the foundation for this new ethics of sociability.In investigating how we might reinvigorate our capacity for cooperation today, Sennett revisits the artisan s workshop The embodied knowledge that craftsmen bring to bear on their tools, materials and co workers whilst making and repairing things provides a rich analogy for an everyday diplomacy that helps people in dealing with others they can t relate to, or don t understand they use minimal forces in dealing with resistance, create social space through coded gestures, and make sophisticated repairs which acknowledge trauma Also professional diplomats skills in navigating the borderline between formality and informality are to an extent transferable to our daily environment as an aid to managing conflict and foster cooperation.Sennett s book is particularly timely at a point in time when the global economy s creative destruction is fragilizing huge swaths of the middle class in postindustrial societies Ideally, these people will be able to move beyond resentment and withdrawal to embrace a redefined sense of inner purpose based on communal cooperation However, Sennett cautions us along different lines against believing well being prophets and transition gurus that this is a comfortable challenge He discusses at length how in the twentieth century the very desire for solidarity has led to institutionalization, inviting command and manipulation from the top Sennett thinks this collective bargaining strategy has ultimately sapped the strength of the Left At an individual level there is no simple promise of happiness in cooperation and associationism for those who are struggling for survival in economically vulnerable communities.Here we have sketched out only some of the main themes that Sennett develops in this book Whilst Sennett obviously pushes himself to write in an accessible style, his erudition and scholarly temperament inevitably shine through As a result the narrative strikes me a rather labyrinthine and it pays to take patient notes in keeping track of the evolving argument.It is, perhaps, a pity that Sennett does not dwell at all on the considerable experience that has been built up in recent decades with all kinds of techniques to sustain multi stakeholder dialogue and work towards accommodation between people holding different worldviews I am thinking of approaches as diverse as world caf s and soft systems methodology In that sense his book puts the why of cooperation in relief than the how to Together is not a practical guide for aspiring community organizers and facilitators but a richly layered reflection on the past and future of a vital cultural legacy the dialogic skills needed for hard cooperation.

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    Read Theodore Zelvin, Voltaire s Candide, Theodore KeelVocabularyOmniarch a ruler of everything in the world or universephalanx a group of people or things of a similar type forming a compact bodysensate perceiving or perceived by the sensesevince reveal the presence of a quality or feeling indicate ontology the branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being.propinquity the state of being close to someone or something proximityFind here explanations of dialogic and dialectic discussionSennett s work reads like vague academic descriptions of various trends and events than coherently argued ways for co operation I frequently wanted to abandon this book I do not think that it is of much value Complex societies like our own depend on workers flowing across borders contain different ethnicities, races and religions generate diverging ways of sexual and family life TO force all this complexity into a single cultural mould would be politically repressive and tell a lie about ourselves 4 Putnam has found that first hand experience in fact leads people to withdraw from these racially different neighbours conversely, people who live in homogenous social communities appear sociably inclined towards and curious about others in the larger world 4 What we can gain from demanding sorts of co operation is insight into ourselves 6 As in a good discussion its richness is textured in differences that do not , however, keep people from continuing to talk 16 Ritual enables expressive co operation in religion, in the workplace, in politics and in everyday life 17 Dialectic starts in Aristotle s observation that in the Politics that though we may use the same words, we cannot say we are speaking of the same things the aim is to eventually come to a common understanding 18 Dialogic name s a discussion which does not resolve itself by finding common ground Though no shared agreements may be reached, through the process of exchange people may become aware of their own views and expand their understanding of one another Geselligkeit German word the sheer pleasure people take in each other s company Movements of all political stripes have to deicde whether to emphasize unity or diverse inclusion, they have to cope with intra group politics, they have to define the kind of solidarity they want 39 40 As between political parties, so within them, compromise dilutes identity 46 Co operation at the apex of power produces a structural problem for all coalitions the loss of connection of the apex to the base 46 The alliance between politics and journalism became professionalized in the 19th century as printing costs came down, literacy among workers went up and the habit of reading newspapers became widespread 48 But political co operation at the apex of power runs into serious troubles with the base, the mass, of people below as organisations become larger and stronger, bureaucracy erects barriers between top and base the rituals which bind leaders in back rooms are not transparent to those outside 62 Any individual wanting to build change from the ground up faces the challenge of active co operation the challenge is great when working with people who are nor carbon copies of ourselves 64 Sensing how different you are from someone else wears off in time if you dine or drink with someone twenty times this is likely to disappear 81 UWC Rituals are one way of structuring symbolic exchanges rituals establish powerful social bonds 86 Rituals go stale if they remain stuck in the first stage of learning, that of a habit if they go through the full rhythm of practice, they self renew 91 Bildung German word which can be defined as learning one s place in the world, as placing oneself in relation to others 126 In the U.S., the wealth share of the middle quintile has increased 18% in real dollars during the last fifty years while the wealth share of the top 5% has increased by 293% today the odds of a student in the middle classes making as much income as his or her parents are 2 to 5 the odds of the top 5% of the population becoming as wealthy as their parents is over 90% in capitalism, social cohesion is inherently weak 133 4 In capitalist societies with strong family cohesion, in schools which emphasize the importance of studying together, the social consequences of economic inequality can be countervailed 141 The ethical frame for earned authority is the willingness to assume authority, for oneself and for the group 173 A rhythm thus appears ingraining habit, questioning the habit and re ingraining a better habit 201 Only through behaving with minimal self assertiveness do we open up to others a political as well as personal concept 211 Using minimum force can embody a response to those who resist or differ 212 When an object goes wrong we need to think about what was wrong as well as right about it in the first place As with objects damaged by time, so with people they are survivors whose biographies have left them damaged, but the beginnings of their life stories were not necessarily mistakes 215 Like all professional attempts at conflict reconciliation, these encounters began with mutual demands, accusations and declarations It took a long time for the exchanges to get anywhere Progress occurred through achieving what Theodore Keel calls symbolic cover co operation on the small issues moves forward to symbolize that something can be done large, irreconcilable issues are deferred, perhaps permanently 231 Sir Ernest Satow s Satow s Diplomatic Practice 1917 the genius of this work is to show how informality, indirection and mutuality can be injected into even the most stiff meeting Four of Satow s counsels are particularly useful the first explains what to do if two sides in a conflict want to test a possible solution without actually taking ownership of it on the recored in this case, Satow counsels passing a piece of paper silently across the conference table 238 The demarche is a document which floats a set of ideas and talking points for circulation, without the authors actually asserting what they think or believe what s in the document The demarche can invite a subtle kind of participation float ing feely so that all parties can engage equally in discussion 238 9 The past was in them, still disturbing but no longer a governing history the trauma strengthened the convictions they possessed about how to lead their lives 256 Other aspects of practising co operation dialogic practices which are skilled, informal and empathic 275 The twentieth century perverted cooperation in the name of solidarity The regimes which spoke in the name of unity where not only tyrannies the very desire for solidarity invites command and manipulation at the top The perverse power of solidarity, in its us against them form, remains alive in civil societies of liberal democracies, as in European attitudes towards ethnic immigrants who seem to threaten social solidarity, or in American demands for a return to family values the perverse power of solidarity makes itself felt early among children, reaching into the way they make friends and construct outsiders 279 The new forms of capitalism emphasise short term labour and institutional fragmentation the effect of this economic system is that workers cannot sustain supportive social relations with each other 279

  8. says:

    The BBC4 sociology podcast Thinking Allowed brought Richard Sennett to my attention in a brief discussion of cooperation in a February 2012 program What he said there was intriguing enough I looked him up here.The crucial point he had made in the discussion was that cooperation requires unspoken rules, often in the form of rituals The example he cites is the trading floor of a financial market All the business that is transacted couldn t be done if the actors didn t follow an elaborate set of rituals, but not only are those rituals not written down, but they can t be.My thoughts on this to write down the rules of cooperation would transform them into something new, which occupy a different place in the brain laws, instead of guidelines When we perceive legalisms, there is the corollary that what isn t prohibited is permitted, and it becomes possible to game the system by following the letter of these laws while ignoring the spirit When the rules are implicit, we only have the spirit and gaming becomes a form of cheating that is harder to define but easier to condemn.I m interested in this perspective of cooperation because our modern society has much anonymity than the conditions in which we evolved Much , I believe, than our ancestors experienced just a few generations ago in their intimate enclaves of class and ethnicity Anonymity means people won t have these shared rituals and guidelines and instead rely on laws which are subject to evasion, which then requires laws.On a barely related note, this also ties into my skepticism that we are anywhere near the goals of strong AI creating a synthetic intelligence that is anywhere close to being sentient Sennett s exploration of how something as critical as cooperation only functions when it is rooted in unconscious thought reminds me that I don t think we understand sentience anywhere near well enough to start pretending we can replicate it.This book is also related to my project on exploring the sociology of evil To quote from one of the reviews of this book Caught between the us against them ethos of our gang, group or community, and the you are on your own individualism of the unforgiving marketplace, we are, he believes losing the skills of cooperation needed to make a complex society work.I ve only made it through Arendt s book and haven t even gotten a copy of Baumeister s or Simon Cohen s, but I m already suspicious that this effect of our modern and, even so, post modern society also is lowering the threshold for evil.Two excellent reviews of Sennett s book were identified by another Goodreads reviewer, and both are laudatory one by the IndendentUK quoted above and another by the GuardianUK.

  9. says:

    At the end of his life, the philosopher Michel de Montaigne inserted, in one of his essays a question When I am playing with my cat, how do I know she is not playing with me The question summed up Montaigne s long held conviction that we can never really plumb the inner life of others, be they cats or other human beings My premise about this is that we frequently don t understand what s passing in the hearts and the minds of people with whom we have to work Yet as Montaigne kept playing with his cat, so too a lack of mutual understanding shouldn t keep us from engaging with others in order to get something done together.

  10. says:

    It was refreshing to read an analysis of social life and co operation that did not rely on neuroscience or cod economic theory Sennett grapples with the problem of how we build social bonds without relying on the expedient of trying to engineer behaviour from the top down Instead he argues that co operation requires skill that is developed through social practice over time Sennett is trying to develop an organic conception of social relations This attempt founders due to an over reliance on the culture of individual self help that helped to create the divided society he decries.

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Together: The Rituals, Pleasures and Politics of Cooperation summary pdf Together: The Rituals, Pleasures and Politics of Cooperation, summary chapter 2 Together: The Rituals, Pleasures and Politics of Cooperation, sparknotes Together: The Rituals, Pleasures and Politics of Cooperation, Together: The Rituals, Pleasures and Politics of Cooperation 3f1e82e Together Traces The Evolution Of Cooperative Rituals In Medieval Churches And Guilds, Renaissance Workshops And Courts, Early Modern Laboratories And Diplomatic Embassies Today, It Explains The Trials And Prospects Of Cooperation Online, Face To Face Ethnic Conflicts, Among Financial Workers And Community Organisers

  • Hardcover
  • 323 pages
  • Together: The Rituals, Pleasures and Politics of Cooperation
  • Richard Sennett
  • English
  • 17 March 2018
  • 9780713998740

About the Author: Richard Sennett

Richard Sennett has explored how individuals and groups make social and cultural sense of material facts about the cities in which they live and about the labour they do He focuses on how people can become competent interpreters of their own experience, despite the obstacles society may put in their way His research entails ethnography, history, and social theory As a social analyst, Mr Sen